# Code Smells

Code Smells / Bloaters / Data Clump

# Data Clump

Data clumps are sets of related primitives (eg. `1`

, `3.14`

, `"Hello"`

, `False`

) that always appear together. Data Clumps can be avoided by encapsulating them together in a class.

```
from math import sqrt
# Code smell
x_coordinate = 4
y_coordinate = -7
z_coordinate = 43
distance = sqrt(x_coordinate**2 + y_coordinate**2 + z_coordinate**2) # Pythagorean theorem
print(distance)
# Improved
class Coordinates:
def __init__(self, x_coordinate, y_coordinate, z_coordinate):
self.x_coordinate = x_coordinate
self.y_coordinate = y_coordinate
self.z_coordinate = z_coordinate
def distance(self):
return sqrt(self.x_coordinate**2 + self.y_coordinate**2 + self.z_coordinate**2) # Pythagorean theorem
my_coordinates = Coordinates(4, -7, 43)
print(my_coordinates.distance())
```

The problem with Data Clumps, is that it is not easy to centrally control their behaviour. In the example above, if we wanted to restrict `y_coordinate`

to positive numbers only, we may need to edit the code in many places, leading to Shotgun Surgery.

Data Clumps are also often Primitive Obsessions.